Jonah 1:1 – The word of the LORD came to Jonah son of Amittai:
The whole story begins and ends with the word of the Lord. The Lord speaks to Jonah in v.1. And the last words of the book in Jonah 4 are the Lord speaking. And in between Jonah 1:1 and 4:11 we have the Lord clearly orchestrating everything according to His sovereign gracious purposes.
You notice in Jonah 1:1 that the name “LORD” is in all caps. When you see that in the OT you should know that the writer is indicating that this is the proper name of the One True God, Jehovah… the great God of Israel.
The events that unfold in the four chapters of Jonah are all orchestrated by the sovereign, gracious God. Everything is initiated by Him. The intentions and actions of the Lord is the main point of the story. The hero of the Book of Jonah is not Jonah or the big fish that swallows him. The hero is the gracious God.